Persistent hypotonic and inflammatory conditions in the joint cavity can lead to the loss of cartilage matrix and cell death, which are the important mechanisms of osteoarthritis (OA) onset. Previous studies have confirmed that the existence of a hypotonic environment is a red flag for inflammation, as hypotonic environment induces the opening of the chloride channel of the cell and promotes chloride ion efflux, which prompts the cell volume to increase. Chloride channels play an important role in the regulation of mineralization and chondrocyte death. Here, we reported that OA chondrocytes showed a significant increase of cell death rate and the imbalance of cartilage matrix catabolism. We found that the distribution of skeleton protein F-actin was disordered. In addition, the volume-sensitive chloride current of OA chondrocytes decreased significantly with the increase of the expression levels of inflammation-related proteins caspase-1, caspase-3, and NLRP3. Moreover, interleukin-1β (IL-1β) showed a potential to activate the chloride current of normal chondrocytes. These results indicate that IL-1β-induced chloride channel opening in chondrocytes may be closely related to the occurrence of OA. This chloride channel opening process may therefore be a potential target for the treatment of OA.