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Interferometric time- and energy-resolved photoemission electron microscopy for few-femtosecond nanoplasmonic dynamics

  • Gliserin, Alexander
  • Chew, Soo Hoon
  • Choi, Sungho
  • Kim, Kyoungmin
  • Oh, Jin-Woo
  • Kim, Seungchul
  • Kim, Dong Eon
Publication Date
Sep 01, 2019
[email protected]
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We report a time-resolved normal-incidence photoemission electron microscope with an imaging time-of-flight detector using similar to 7-fs near-infrared laser pulses and a phase-stabilized interferometer for studying ultrafast nanoplasmonic dynamics via nonlinear photoemission from metallic nanostructures. The interferometer's stability (35 +/- 6 as root-mean-square from 0.2 Hz to 40 kHz) as well as on-line characterization of the driving laser field, which is a requirement for nanoplasmonic near-field reconstruction, is discussed in detail. We observed strong field enhancement and few-femtosecond localized surface plasmon lifetimes at a monolayer of self-assembled gold nanospheres with similar to 40 nm diameter and similar to 2 nm interparticle distance. A wide range of plasmon resonance frequencies could be simultaneously detected in the time domain at different nanospheres, which are distinguishable already within the first optical cycle or as close as about +/- 1 fs around time-zero. Energy-resolved imaging (microspectroscopy) additionally revealed spectral broadening due to strong-field or space charge effects. These results provide a clear path toward visualizing optically excited nanoplasmonic near-fields at ultimate spatiotemporal resolution. / 1 / N

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