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The interface of paediatric ENT and autism spectrum disorder: a complex conundrum for otolaryngologists.

Authors
  • Gimlette, S1
  • Stapleton, E2
  • 1 University of Manchester Medical School, Manchester, UK.
  • 2 Department of Otolaryngology, Manchester Royal Infirmary, UK.
Type
Published Article
Journal
The Journal of Laryngology & Otology
Publisher
Cambridge University Press
Publication Date
Oct 01, 2023
Volume
137
Issue
10
Pages
1083–1089
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1017/S0022215122001980
PMID: 36073036
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Autism spectrum disorder is a lifelong neurodevelopmental condition encompassing complex physical and neurological symptoms, including complex sensory symptoms. This review explores the interface between autism spectrum disorder and paediatric ENT. Using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses ('PRISMA') guideline, a robust literature search and review was conducted by two researchers. Thirty-four papers were filtered into the final review. Published literature clearly demonstrates potential for autism spectrum disorder to present in the form of auditory and other sensory symptoms to ENT surgeons and audiologists who may not fully appreciate this complex condition. Despite this well-documented link, auditory symptoms, auditory processing disorders and hearing loss within autism spectrum disorder remain poorly understood. Improved recognition and understanding of autism spectrum disorder by otolaryngologists could enable more effective diagnostic and management strategies for autistic children who present with auditory and other sensory symptoms. In light of the current 'autism epidemic,' there is an urgent need for further research on this theme.

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