Based on the data on feeding ecology of common species of zooplankton, the main trophic groups of plankton of the southern Kuril region are identified. These are phytophages, zoophages, and omnivores. The interannual dynamics of trophic characteristics of the plankton community are examined. Predatory plankton significantly dominated in 1992–1994; however, in 1995–1996 its biomass decreased markedly. The biomass dynamics of predatory and nonpredatory zooplankton, as well as changes in the structure of nonpredatory zoolankton, suggest structural changes in the planktonic community.