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Interactions of gene 2.5 protein and DNA polymerase of bacteriophage T7.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
The Journal of biological chemistry
Publication Date
Volume
267
Issue
21
Pages
15032–15040
Identifiers
PMID: 1634539
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Bacteriophage T7 gene 2.5 protein has been shown to interact with T7 DNA polymerase (the complex of T7 gene 5 protein and Escherichia coli thioredoxin) by affinity chromatography and fluorescence emission anisotropy. T7 DNA polymerase binds specifically to a resin coupled to gene 2.5 protein and elutes from the resin when the ionic strength of the buffer is raised to 250 mM NaCl. In contrast, T7 gene 5 protein alone binds more weakly to gene 2.5 protein, eluting when the ionic strength of the buffer is 50 mM NaCl. Thioredoxin does not bind to gene 2.5 protein. Steady-state fluorescence emission anisotropy gives a dissociation constant of 1.1 +/- 0.2 microM for the complex of gene 2.5 protein and T7 DNA polymerase, with a ratio of gene 2.5 protein to T7 DNA polymerase in the complex of 1:1. Nanosecond emission anisotropic analysis suggests that the complex contains one monomer each of gene 2.5 protein, gene 5 protein, and thioredoxin. The ability of T7 gene 2.5 protein to stimulate the activity and processivity of T7 DNA polymerase is compared with the ability of three other single-stranded DNA-binding proteins: E. coli single-stranded DNA-binding protein, T4 gene 32 protein, and E. coli recA protein. All except E. coli recA protein stimulate the activity and processivity of T7 DNA polymerase; E. coli recA protein inhibits these activities.

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