To assess whether or not concomitant omeprazole treatment influences the pharmacokinetics of lomefloxacin and ciprofloxacin, a randomized, double-blind four-way-crossover study was performed. Another objective was to compare the pharmacokinetics of lomefloxacin and ciprofloxacin. Twelve healthy volunteers participated. On days 1 to 4 of each study period, each of them took 20 mg of omeprazole or a placebo orally, and on day 4, each took 400 mg of lomefloxacin or 500 mg of ciprofloxacin orally. Blood and urine samples were collected and assayed for the quinolones by high-pressure liquid chromatography. The mean peak concentrations in plasma (Cmax) and the areas under the curves (AUC), respectively, of lomefloxacin and ciprofloxacin, respectively, after prior treatment with placebo were 2.88 +/- 0.73 (mean +/- standard deviation) as against 2.60 +/- 0.76 micrograms/ml and 24.9 +/- 3.13 as against 11.9 +/- 1.89 micrograms.h/ml, and 72.4% +/- 5.10% as against 36.1% +/- 7.50% of the doses of lomefloxacin and ciprofloxacin, respectively, were recovered from the urine. None of the pharmacokinetic parameters differed significantly after prior treatment with omeprazole compared with placebo. The Cmax of lomefloxacin was not significantly higher than that of ciprofloxacin, but lomefloxacin's AUC reached twice that of ciprofloxacin because of its significantly longer half-life in plasma (6.68 +/- 1.94 as against 4.15 +/- 0.92 h, respectively, P < or = 0.01). Concomitant therapy with omeprazole did not alter the pharmacokinetics of lomefloxacin or ciprofloxacin in these single-dose studies.