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Interaction of selective compounds with muscarinic receptors at dispersed intestinal smooth muscle cells.

Authors
  • Barocelli, E
  • Chiavarini, M
  • Ballabeni, V
  • Bordi, F
  • Impicciatore, M
Type
Published Article
Journal
British journal of pharmacology
Publication Date
Feb 01, 1993
Volume
108
Issue
2
Pages
393–397
Identifiers
PMID: 8448589
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

1. The characterization of muscarinic receptors on single cells of the guinea-pig ileum longitudinal smooth muscle, devoid of neuronal elements, was functionally studied by estimating the affinities of muscarinic antagonists on acetylcholine-induced contractions. 2. Atropine (5 x 10(-11) to 5 x 10(-6) M), 4-diphenylacetoxy-N-methyl-piperidine methiodide (4-DAMP, 5 x 10(-8) to 5 x 10(-6) M), cyclohexyl(4-fluoro-phenyl) (3-piperidinopropyl) silanol (pFHHSiD, 5 x 10(-7) to 5 x 10(-5) M) as well as pirenzepine (5 x 10(-7) to 5 x 10(-5) M) competitively antagonized the acetylcholine-dependent contractions with different affinities (atropine > 4-DAMP > pFHHSiD > pirenzepine). 3. Methoctramine (5 x 10(-7) to 5 x 10(-5) M), and AF-DX 116 (5 x 10(-6) and 5 x 10(-5) M) also showed antagonist properties but these deviated from simple competition. These compounds, which discriminate between M2 and M3 receptors, showed a potency lower than that of pirenzepine, the rank order of potencies being pirenzepine > methoctramine > AF-DX 116. When concentrations of AF-DX 116, methoctramine and pirenzepine were increased an unspecific contractile effect occurred. 4. McN-A-343, a partial agonist on intact guinea-pig longitudinal smooth muscle strips, on this preparation induced a weak contraction (about 7% in comparison to control) that was not reversed by antimuscarinic agents. 5. These data indicate that M3 rather than M2 receptor sites are present on this tissue.

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