Affordable Access

The interaction of mitochondrial translational initiation factor 2 with the small ribosomal subunit.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
0006-3002
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
1750
Issue
1
Pages
69–81
Identifiers
PMID: 15935986
Source
Medline

Abstract

Bovine mitochondrial translational initiation factor 2 (IF-2(mt)) is organized into four domains, an N-terminal domain, a central G-domain and two C-terminal domains. These domains correspond to domains III-VI in the six-domain model of Escherichia coli IF-2. Variants in IF-2(mt) were prepared and tested for their abilities to bind the small (28S) subunit of the mitochondrial ribosome. The binding of wild-type IF-2(mt) was strong (K(d) approximately 10-20 nM) and was not affected by fMet-tRNA. Deletion of the N-terminal domain substantially reduced the binding of IF-2(mt) to 28S subunits. However, the addition of fMet-tRNA stimulated the binding of this variant at least 2-fold demonstrating that contacts between fMet-tRNA and IF-2(mt) can stabilize the binding of this factor to 28S subunits. No binding was observed for IF-2(mt) variants lacking the G-domain which probably plays a critical role in organizing the structure of IF-2(mt). IF-2(mt) contains a 37-amino acid insertion region between domains V and VI that is not found in the prokaryotic factors. Mutations in this region caused a significant reduction in the ability of the factor to promote initiation complex formation and to bind 28S subunits.

There are no comments yet on this publication. Be the first to share your thoughts.

Statistics

Seen <100 times
0 Comments
F