A study was made of interaction of mouse spleen and lymph node lymphocytes in inactivation of allogeneic stem cells. It was established that T lymphocytes of the lymph nodes and spleen lymphocytes do not interact on combined administration; their action is of additive nature. B lymphocytes of the lymph nodes have a regulating activity both in respect to T lymphocytes of the lymph nodes and lymphocytes of the spleen. The stem cells serve as target. Depending on the stem cells/B lymphocytes ratio B lymphocytes are capable of exerting either helper or suppressor action.