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The interaction of affective states and cognitive vulnerabilities in the prediction of non-suicidal self-injury.

Authors
  • Cohen, Jonah N
  • Stange, Jonathan P
  • Hamilton, Jessica L
  • Burke, Taylor A
  • Jenkins, Abigail
  • Ong, Mian-Li
  • Heimberg, Richard G
  • Abramson, Lyn Y
  • Alloy, Lauren B
Type
Published Article
Journal
Cognition & Emotion
Publisher
Informa UK (Taylor & Francis)
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2015
Volume
29
Issue
3
Pages
539–547
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1080/02699931.2014.918872
PMID: 24853872
Source
Medline
Keywords
License
Unknown

Abstract

Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) is a serious public health concern and remains poorly understood. This study sought to identify both cognitive and affective vulnerabilities to NSSI and examine their interaction in the prediction of NSSI. A series of regressions indicated that low levels of positive affect (PA) moderated the relationships between self-criticism and brooding and NSSI. The associations of self-criticism and brooding with greater frequency of NSSI were attenuated by higher levels of PA. The interaction of cognitive and affective vulnerabilities is discussed within the context of current NSSI theory.

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