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An integrated planar magnetic micropump

Authors
  • Ni, Junhui
  • Wang, Bin
  • Chang, Stanley
  • Lin, Qiao1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 4
  • 1 College of Mechanical Engineering
  • 2 Taizhou University
  • 3 Department of Mechanical Engineering
  • 4 Columbia University
  • 5 Department of Ophthalmology
Type
Published Article
Journal
Microelectronic Engineering
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2013
Accepted Date
Nov 30, 2013
Volume
117
Pages
35–40
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.mee.2013.11.014
Source
Elsevier
Keywords
License
Unknown

Abstract

This paper presents an integrated magnetic micropump that uses in-plane compliance-based check valves and a magnetically actuated membrane. The device, which allows for simple fabrication and system integration with other functional elements, consists of two functional layers both fabricated from poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS). The upper PDMS layer provides a compliant membrane with an electroplated thin-film permalloy strip for actuation, while the lower PDMS layer incorporates microfluidic components including the microchannels, pump chamber, and a pair of check valves for flow regulation. The PDMS check valves, each having a compliant flap in contact with a stiff stopper to allow for unidirectional fluid flow with minimized leakage, are located at the inlet and outlet of the pump chamber, respectively. As such, the unidirectional flow at a controlled volumetric rate can be readily generated in accordance with the pumping actions. Systematic characterization of the micropump has been performed by studying the dependence of its pumping flow rate on the driving frequency of magnetic actuation, and the back pressure. Experimental results show that this micropump is capable of generating fluid flow of 0.15 μL/min at the frequency of 2Hz, corresponding to a volume resolution of 1 nL per stroke, and working reliably against a maximum back-pressure of 550Pa, demonstrating the potential application of this micropump for various integrated lab-on-a-chip systems.

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