Numerous strategies and policies have been designed for the prevention of blindness. Their implementation, however, may find considerable operational difficulties in the developing countries. Following WHO (World Health Organization) recommendations, the Peruvian organization against blindness (OPELUCE) has designed an Integral Model for the Prevention of Blindness in Perú. This model includes the training of health personnel and educators, informing the community on ocular preventive aspects, medical and surgical treatment of patients and training programs for the blind. The model has been modified for its application in urban, and urban-marginal areas as specific programs for the prevention of blindness due to glaucoma, diabetes, and accidents, and for the detection of visual problems at the school level.