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Integrated Flexible Hybrid Silicone-Textile Dual-Resonant Sensors and Switching Circuit for Wearable Neurodegeneration Monitoring Systems.

Authors
  • Saied, Imran
  • Chandran, Siddharthan
  • Arslan, Tughrul
Type
Published Article
Journal
IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Circuits and Systems
Publisher
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Publication Date
Nov 04, 2019
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1109/TBCAS.2019.2951500
PMID: 31689207
Source
Medline
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

This paper describes the design, development, and testing of flexible hybrid silicone-textile sensors and a flexible switching circuit that were integrated into a wearable system for monitoring neurodegenerative diseases. A total of 6 planar monopole antenna sensors were fabricated that propagates at two separate resonant frequencies: 800 MHz and 2.1 GHz respectively. In addition, 2 switching circuits, each having 3 switches and 4 SMA breakout boards, were fabricated and placed on the wearable neurodegeneration monitoring system. Each switching circuit connects 3 sensors to a single port on a vector network analyser (VNA) that is used to generate and receive microwave signals. Experiments were performed using the wearable device with the developed sensors and switching circuit on phantoms mimicking two common physiological changes in the brain caused by neurodegenerative diseases: 1) brain atrophy and 2) lateral ventricle enlargement. The dual nature of the sensors' resonance allows it to detect both brain atrophy and lateral ventricle enlargement separately at different operating frequency. This provides the advantage of minimising the number of sensor elements needed to monitor neurodegenerative disease. The use of a switching circuit also allows for quick and convenient measurements by choosing which sensors are active for ports 1 and 2 on the VNA respectively. In addition to being low-cost, the flexibility of the materials used in fabrication allows the sensors and switching circuit to be conformal to the patient's head. Results from the experiments indicates that the sensors and switching circuit were working successfully when integrated into the wearable device.

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