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Insulin-mediated hepatic glucose uptake is impaired in type 2 diabetes: evidence for a relationship with glycemic control.

Authors
  • Iozzo, Patricia
  • Hallsten, Kirsti
  • Oikonen, Vesa
  • Virtanen, Kirsi A
  • Kemppainen, Jukka
  • Solin, Olof
  • Ferrannini, Ele
  • Knuuti, Juhani
  • Nuutila, Pirjo
Type
Published Article
Journal
The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism
Publication Date
May 01, 2003
Volume
88
Issue
5
Pages
2055–2060
Identifiers
PMID: 12727954
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Impaired hepatic glucose uptake (HGU) has been implicated in the development of hyperglycemia in type 2 diabetes; the relative impact of plasma glucose and insulin levels on this process remains controversial. We compared the effects of euglycemic hyperinsulinemia on HGU, skeletal muscle glucose uptake, and hepatic influx rate-constant (H-Ki) in 38 diet-treated diabetic patients and 22 nondiabetic controls, using positron emission tomography with (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose and the insulin clamp technique. Control subjects were divided into two subgroups: one including older, heavier, insulin-resistant controls (whole-body glucose uptake, M = 21.4 +/- 5.4 micromol x min(-1) x kg(-1)) to match characteristics of diabetic patients (M = 20.4 +/- 9.9); the other including younger, leaner, insulin-sensitive controls (M = 48.2 +/- 9.9, P < 0.01). Skeletal muscle glucose uptake showed a similar group distribution as the M value. Insulin clearance rates were lower, whereas glycosylated hemoglobin and clamp plasma insulin levels were higher in diabetic patients than in controls. HGU and H-Ki were similar in the two nondiabetic subgroups and lower in diabetic patients than in controls (1.9 +/- 0.5 vs. 2.3 +/- 0.7 micromol x min(-1) x 100 ml(-1), and 0.37 +/- 0.09 vs. 0.44 +/- 0.14 ml x min(-1) x 100 ml(-1), P < or = 0.01). In the whole dataset, H-Ki was inversely related to fasting plasma glucose (correlation coefficient = -0.40, P = 0.0018). In diabetic subjects, H-Ki was reciprocally related to glycosylated hemoglobin (correlation coefficient = -0.36, P = 0.029). We conclude that insulin-mediated HGU is impaired, in type 2 diabetes, in some proportion to the degree of glycemic control.

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