A case associated with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM), rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and autoimmune thyroid disease (AITD) was reported. A high titer of anti-glutamic acid decarboxylase antibody (GAD) and a positive islet cell antigen were observed. The patient's human leukocyte antibody (HLA) haplotype was a homozygote of DQA1*0301, DQB1*0401, and DRB1*0405. Because this haplotype was in linkage disequilibrium with DPB1*0501, an allele associated with AITD in Japanese patients, the patient was homozygous for alleles susceptible to IDDM, RA, and AITD. A specific HLA haplotype susceptible to several autoimmune disease may result in the development of IDDM, RA, and AITD.