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Inorganic polyphosphate is produced and hydrolyzed in F 0F 1-ATP synthase of mammalian mitochondria

Authors
  • Baev, Artyom Y.1
  • Angelova, Plamena R.2, 3
  • Abramov, Andrey Y.2
  • 1 Laboratory of Experimental Biophysics, Centre for Advanced Technologies, Tashkent, Uzbekistan
  • 2 Department of Clinical and Movement Neurosciences, UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology, London WC1N 3BG, U.K.
  • 3 Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University, 119048 Moscow, Russia
Type
Published Article
Journal
Biochemical Journal
Publisher
Portland Press
Publication Date
Apr 29, 2020
Volume
477
Issue
8
Pages
1515–1524
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1042/BCJ20200042
PMID: 32270854
PMCID: PMC7200627
Source
PubMed Central
Keywords
License
Green

Abstract

Inorganic polyphosphate (polyP) is a polymer present in all living organisms. Although polyP is found to be involved in a variety of functions in cells of higher organisms, the enzyme responsible for polyP production and consumption has not yet been identified. Here, we studied the effect of polyP on mitochondrial respiration, oxidative phosphorylation and activity of F0F1-ATPsynthase. We have found that polyP activates mitochondrial respiration which does not coupled with ATP production (V2) but inhibits ADP-dependent respiration (V3). Moreover, PolyP can stimulate F0F1-ATPase activity in the presence of ATP and, importantly, can be hydrolyzed in this enzyme instead of ATP. Furthermore, PolyP can be produced in mitochondria in the presence of substrates for respiration and phosphate by the F0F1-ATPsynthase. Thus, polyP is an energy molecule in mammalian cells which can be produced and hydrolyzed in the mitochondrial F0F1-ATPsynthase.

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