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Inhibition of pulmonary surfactant by oleic acid: mechanisms and characteristics.

Authors
  • Hall, S B
  • Lu, R Z
  • Venkitaraman, A R
  • Hyde, R W
  • Notter, R H
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of applied physiology (Bethesda, Md. : 1985)
Publication Date
May 01, 1992
Volume
72
Issue
5
Pages
1708–1716
Identifiers
PMID: 1601776
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

The inhibitory effects of oleic acid (OA) on the surface activity of pulmonary surfactant were characterized by use of the oscillating bubble surfactometer, the Wilhelmy balance, and excised rat lungs. Oscillating bubble studies showed that OA prevented lavaged calf surfactant [0.5 mM phospholipid (PL)] from lowering surface tension below 15 mN/m at or above a molar ratio of OA/PL = 0.5. In contrast to inhibition of surfactant by plasma proteins, increasing the surfactant concentration did not eliminate inhibition by oleic acid, which occurred at OA/PL greater than 0.67 on the oscillating bubble even at surfactant concentrations of 1.5 and 12 mM PL. Studies of surfactant adsorption showed that preformed films of OA had little effect on the adsorption of pulmonary surfactant. Wilhelmy balance studies showed that OA did interfere with the ability of spread films of surfactant to reach low surface tensions during dynamic compression. Further balance experiments with binary films of OA and dipalmitoyl phosphatidylcholine showed that these compounds were miscible in surface films. Together these findings suggested that OA inhibited pulmonary surfactant activity by disrupting the rigid interfacial film responsible for the generation of very low surface tension during dynamic compression. Mechanical studies in excised rat lungs showed that instillation of OA gave altered deflation pressure-volume characteristics with decreased quasi-static compliance, indicating disruption of pulmonary surfactant function in situ. This alteration of mechanics occurred without major changes in the composition of lavaged PLs or in the tissue compliance of the lungs defined by mechanical measurements during inflation-deflation with saline.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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