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Inhibition of prostaglandin biosynthesis by eicosapentaenoic acid.

Authors
  • Culp, B R
  • Titus, B G
  • Lands, W E
Type
Published Article
Journal
Prostaglandins and Medicine
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Nov 01, 1979
Volume
3
Issue
5
Pages
269–278
Identifiers
PMID: 121610
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Eicosapentaenoic acid [20 : 5 (n-3)] is not oxidized by the purified cyclooxygenase from sheep vesicular glands in the conditions of low peroxide tone in which arachidonate [20 : 4 (n-6)] is rapidly oxygenated. When the level of peroxide in incubation mixtures is allowed to rise, there is a dramatic change in reactivity of the cyclooxygenase to react with 20 : 5 (n-3) at one-halt the rate and one-third the extent observed with 20 : 4 (n-6). Overall, the low peroxide levels expected in vivo would most probably cause the (n-3) type of fatty acid to be a general inhibitor of prostaglandin formation, through both reversible and irreversible actions at the enzyme site.

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