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Inhibition of mTOR suppresses experimental liver tumours.

Authors
  • Rizell, Magnus
  • Lindner, Per
Type
Published Article
Journal
Anticancer research
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2005
Volume
25
Issue
2A
Pages
789–793
Identifiers
PMID: 15868910
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Sirolimus, and its antiproliferative capacity, was studied in vivo in three different syngenic rat tumours in the liver. Sirolimus is an inhibitor of the cytosolic mTOR-kinase, associated with the phosphoinositide-3-kinase/Akt pathway. After one week of daily sirolimus treatment, initiated on the day of tumour-cell inoculation, a dose-response relationship was shown at doses between 0.01 mg/kg/day and 1 mg/kg/day, decreasing tumour weight from 0.5+/-0.1 g in control rats (n=9) to 0.09+/-0.04 g for sirolimus 1 mg/kg (n=9). Treating established liver adenocarcinoma (n=15), sirolimus halved the tumour weight (1.4+/-0.2 g vs 0.7+/-0.1 g, p=0.005). Trough concentration in blood was 6.4+/-0.2 ng/ml after five days of daily treatment with 1 mg/kg sirolimus intraperitoneally. At this dose, there was no decrease in food consumption or rat weight, but decrease in weight of spleen, and increase in weight of liver (p<0.01). The three tumours studied, an nitrosoguanidin-induced adenocarcinoma, a Leydig cell sarcoma and a hepatoma, all responded, establishing sirolimus as a promising anticancer drug.

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