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Inhibition of mTOR reduce Stat3 and PAI related angiogenesis in salivary gland adenoid cystic carcinoma.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
American journal of cancer research
2156-6976
Publication Date
Volume
4
Issue
6
Pages
764–775
Identifiers
PMID: 25520866
Source
Medline
Keywords
  • Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma
  • Pai
  • Stat3
  • Angiogenesis
  • Mtor
  • Rapamycin

Abstract

Angiogenesis is a complex biological process, which is involved in tumorigenesis and progression. However, the molecular mechanism of underlying angiogenesis remains largely unknown. In this study, we accessed the expression of proteins related angiogenesis by immunohistochemical staining of human tissue microarray which contains 72 adenoid cystic carcinoma (AdCC), 12 pleomorphic adenoma (PMA) and 18 normal salivary gland (NSG) using digital pathological scanner and scoring system. We found that the expression of p-S6(S235/236) (a downstream molecule of mTOR), p-Stat3(T705), PAI, EGFR, and HIF-1α was significantly increased in AdCC as compared with PMA and (or) NSG (p < 0.05). While, the expression of these proteins was not associated with pathological type of human AdCC (p > 0.05). Correlation analysis of these proteins revealed that p-S6(S235/236) up-regulates the expression of EGFR/p-Stat3(T705) (p < 0.05) and HIF-1α/PAI (p < 0.05). Moreover, the activation of p-S6(S235/236), EGFR/p-Stat3(T705) and HIF-1α/PAI associated with angiogenesis (CD34) and proliferation (Ki-67). In vitro, Rapamycin suppressed the expression of p-S6(S235/236), EGFR, p-Stat3(T705), HIF-1α and PAI. Further more, target inhibition of mTOR by rapamycin effectively reduced tumor growth of SACC-83 cells line nude mice xenograft and decreased the expression of p-S6(S235/236), EGFR/p-Stat3(T705) and HIF-1α/PAI. Taken together, these data revealed that mTOR signaling pathway regulates tumor angiogenesis by EGFR/p-Stat3(T705) and HIF-1α/PAI. Inhibition of mTOR by rapamycin could effectively reduced tumor growth. It is likely that mTOR inhibitors may be a potential candidate for treatment of AdCC.

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