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Inhibition of a low Km GTPase activity in rat striatum by calmodulin.

Authors
  • Treisman, G J
  • Muirhead, N
  • Iwaniec, L
  • Gnegy, M E
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of Neurochemistry
Publisher
Wiley
Publication Date
Feb 01, 1985
Volume
44
Issue
2
Pages
518–525
Identifiers
PMID: 2981286
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

In rat striatum, the activation of adenylate cyclase by the endogenous Ca2+-binding protein, calmodulin, is additive with that of GTP but is not additive with that of the nonhydrolyzable GTP analog, guanosine-5'-(beta, gamma-imido)triphosphate (GppNHp). One possible mechanism for this difference could be an effect of calmodulin on GTPase activity which has been demonstrated to "turn-off" adenylate cyclase activity. We examined the effects of Ca2+ and calmodulin on GTPase activity in EGTA-washed rat striatal particulate fractions depleted of Ca2+ and calmodulin. Calmodulin inhibited GTP hydrolysis at concentrations of 10(-9)-10(-6) M but had no effect on the hydrolysis of 10(-5) and 10(-6) M GTP, suggesting that calmodulin inhibited a low Km GTPase activity. The inhibition of GTPase activity by calmodulin was Ca2+-dependent and was maximal at 0.12 microM free Ca2+. Maximal inhibition by calmodulin was 40% in the presence of 10(-7) M GTP. The IC50 for calmodulin was 100 nM. In five tissues tested, calmodulin inhibited GTP hydrolysis only in those tissues where it could also activate adenylate cyclase. Calmodulin could affect the activation of adenylate cyclase by GTP in the presence of 3,4-dihydroxyphenylethylamine (DA, dopamine). Calmodulin decreased by nearly 10-fold the concentration of GTP required to provide maximal stimulation of adenylate cyclase activity by DA in the striatal membranes. The characteristics of the effect of calmodulin on GTPase activity with respect to Ca2+ and calmodulin dependence and tissue specificity parallel those of the activation of adenylate cyclase by calmodulin, suggesting that the two activities are closely related.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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