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Inhibition of Erythrocyte Cell Membrane Scrambling Following Energy Depletion and Hyperosmotic Shock by Alectinib

Authors
  • Al Mamun Bhuyan, Abdulla
  • Lang, Florian
Type
Published Article
Journal
Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
Publisher
S. Karger AG
Publication Date
Dec 06, 2018
Volume
51
Issue
5
Pages
1996–2009
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1159/000495777
PMID: 30522123
Source
Karger
Keywords
License
Green
External links

Abstract

Background/Aims: The anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) inhibitor alectinib is clinically used for the treatment of ALK positive non-small-cell lung cancer. At least in part the substance is effective by triggering suicidal death or apoptosis of tumor cells. Erythrocytes are lacking mitochondria and nuclei, key organelles of apoptosis but are, similar to apoptosis of nucleated cells, able to enter suicidal erythrocyte death or eryptosis. Stimulators of eryptosis include energy depletion, hyperosmotic shock, oxidative stress, and increase of cytosolic Ca2+ activity ([Ca2+]i). The present study explored, whether alectinib influences eryptosis. Methods: Flow cytometry was employed to quantify phosphatidylserine exposure at the cell surface from annexin-V-binding and cell volume from forward scatter. Measurements were made without or with energy depletion (glucose deprivation for 48 hours), hyperosmotic shock (+550mM sucrose for 6 hours), oxidative stress (50 min exposure to 0.3 mM tert-butylhydroperoxide), and Ca2+ loading (60 minutes treatment with 1 µM Ca2+ ionophore ionomycin). Results: A 48 hours exposure of human erythrocytes to alectinib (150-600 ng/ml) did not significantly modify the percentage of annexin-V-binding cells and forward scatter. Energy depletion, hyperosmotic shock, oxidative stress and Ca2+ loading were each followed by profound and significant increase of the percentage annexin-V-binding erythrocytes and a significant decrease of forward scatter. The effects of energy depletion and hyperosmotic shock, but not of oxidative stress or Ca2+ loading on annexin-V-binding were significantly blunted in the presence of alectinib (150-600 ng/ml). In none of the conditions was forward scatter significantly modified by alectinib. Conclusion: Alectinib inhibits cell membrane scrambling following energy depletion and hyperosmotic shock.

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