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Inhibition difficulties in preterm children: Developmental delay or persistent deficit?

Authors
  • Réveillon, Morgane1
  • Hüppi, Petra S2
  • Barisnikov, Koviljka1
  • 1 a Child Clinical Neuropsychology Unit, Department of Psychology , University of Geneva , Switzerland. , (Switzerland)
  • 2 b Division of Development and Growth, Department of Pediatrics , University Hospital of Geneva , Switzerland. , (Switzerland)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Child Neuropsychology
Publisher
Informa UK (Taylor & Francis)
Publication Date
Aug 01, 2018
Volume
24
Issue
6
Pages
734–762
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1080/09297049.2017.1294665
PMID: 28279131
Source
Medline
Keywords
License
Unknown

Abstract

Among executive functions (EFs), research has highlighted specific inhibition difficulties in preterm children. The present paper reviews and classifies the studies that assessed response inhibition and interference control abilities in preterm children and adolescents aged 3 to 16 years. Most behavioral studies agree on a developmental delay at early school age in inhibition abilities and a catch-up before adolescence, with lesser response inhibition difficulties at pre-adolescence. However, persisting interference control difficulties have been reported into early adulthood. These results are discussed, along with functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) findings. Finally, this paper outlines methodological issues that need to be overcome in order to define the developmental trajectory of inhibition abilities in the preterm population.

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