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Inhibition of Collagen Related Peptide Induced Platelet Activation and Apoptosis by Ceritinib

Authors
  • Cao, Hang
  • Umbach, Anja T.
  • Bissinger, Rosi
  • Gawaz, Meinrad
  • Lang, Florian
Type
Published Article
Journal
Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
Publisher
S. Karger AG
Publication Date
Feb 23, 2018
Volume
45
Issue
4
Pages
1707–1716
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1159/000487778
PMID: 29490295
Source
Karger
Keywords
License
Green
External links

Abstract

Background/Aims: The anaplastic lymphoma (tyrosine) kinase (ALK) inhibitor ceritinib triggers apoptosis of tumor cells and eryptosis of erythrocytes. Blood platelets may similarly enter a state resembling apoptosis, which could be triggered by activation with collagen related peptide (CRP). CRP-induced platelet apoptosis is characterized by cell membrane scrambling with phosphatidylserine exposure to the platelet surface and cell shrinkage, preceded by externalization of Ca2+ channel Orai1, increase of cytosolic Ca2+-activity ([Ca2+]i), formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), and caspase activation. The present study explored whether ceritinib triggers platelet apoptosis and/or modifies the CRP induced apoptosis. Methods: Platelets isolated from wild-type mice were exposed for 30 minutes to ceritinib (1.5 µg/ml) without or with 2.5 – 15 min pretreatment with CRP (2 µg/ml or 5 µg/ml). Flow cytometry was employed to estimate cytosolic Ca2+-activity ([Ca2+]i) from Fluo-3 fluorescence, ROS abundance from 2’,7’-dichlorodihydrofluorescein diacetate fluorescence, platelet degranulation from P-selectin abundance, integrin activation from αIIbβ3 integrin abundance, caspase activity utilizing an Active Caspase-3 Staining kit, phosphatidylserine abundance from annexin-V-binding, platelet volume from forward scatter and aggregation utilizing staining with CD9-APC and CD9-PE. Results: In the absence of CRP, ceritinib slightly, but significantly decreased [Ca2+]i without significantly modifying the other measured parameters. CRP significantly increased [Ca2+]i, ROS abundance, P-selectin abundance, activated αIIbβ3 integrin, annexin-V-binding, caspase activity as well as aggregation and decreased cell volume, all effects significantly blunted in the presence of ceritinib. Conclusions: The present observations uncover a novel, unexpected effect of ceritinib, i.e. inhibition of CRP-induced platelet activation and apoptosis.

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