The effect of ethylene oxide (EtO) inhalation-exposure rate on the induction of DNA breakage in late spermatids and on unscheduled DNA synthesis (UDS) in early spermatids was studied. The exposures were 450 parts per million (ppm) for 4 h, 900 ppm for 2 h, and 1800 ppm for 1 h. Thus, the total exposure was always 1800 ppm-h. Both DNA breakage and UDS were found to increase by a factor of approximately 3 in going from the low to high EtO concentration, suggesting that the molecular dose of EtO to the testis had increased by a similar factor. Our results are consistent with the EtO exposure-rate effect found by Generoso et al. (1986) for induction of dominant-lethal mutations in late spermatids and early spermatozoa.