Currently, 2 genotypes of Influenza B viruses (IFB) are cocirculating in humans: Victoria (VIC) and Yamagata (YAM). Infection and viral load (VL) were analyzed in 105 genotyped IFB (59 VIC and 46 YAM) out of 3452 respiratory samples from immunodepressed (ID), immunocompetent (IC) including outpatients (OP) and hospitalized patients (HP) attended during 2001-2013 at São Paulo Hospital. VL (Log10 RNA copies/mL) calculation was possible in 78 samples (47 VIC, 31 YAM). The age group of 12 to 18 years presented the highest detection (14.13%). Rates of infection among groups were of 3.67% (IC), 1.68% (ID), 3.50% (OP), 0.6% (HP), and VLs varied from 2.8 to 10.13 with no difference regarding age, immune status, and disease severity. From 10 OP vaccinated against influenza, 8 (7 children, 1 ID) received a matching strain shot (VIC), and 2 a monovalent influenza A H1N1pdm09. Those patients presented a VL of 6.31 ± 1.62 (mean ± SD). IFB infection rates follow an age pattern, but VL seems not to be related to frequency or clinical outcome. IFB patients with previous immunization could point to some protection for VIC infections since there was no HP. Other immunological aspects, such as lineage infection immune priming, previous infections, and vaccinations, should be further investigated. © 2019 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.