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Influence of various factors on individual radiation exposure from the chernobyl disaster

Authors
  • Zamostian, Pavlo1
  • Moysich, Kirsten B2
  • Mahoney, Martin C2
  • McCarthy, Philip2
  • Bondar, Alexandra1
  • Noschenko, Andrey G1
  • Michalek, Arthur M2
  • 1 National University "Kyiv Mogila Academy", Department of Environment Sciences, Kyiv, Ukraine , Kyiv (Ukraine)
  • 2 Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Buffalo, New York, USA , Buffalo (United States)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Environmental Health
Publisher
BioMed Central
Publication Date
Oct 29, 2002
Volume
1
Issue
1
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1186/1476-069X-1-4
Source
Springer Nature
Keywords
License
Yellow

Abstract

BackgroundThe explosion at the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant was one of the greatest known nuclear disasters of the 20th century. To reduce individual exposure to ionizing radiation the Soviet Union government introduced a number of counter-measures. This article presents a description of how historical events conspired to disrupt these efforts and affect residents in exposed areas.MethodsThis study employed an extensive review of data on radionuclide deposition, contamination patterns and lifestyle characteristics. Data were obtained from the Ukraine Ministry of Health and the Ukraine Research Center for Radiation Medicine.ResultsData are presented on annual contamination rates in selected locales as well as data on local food consumption patterns. Historical factors including economic and political circumstances are also highlighted. Results show the diminution of individual doses between 1987 and 1991 and then an increase between 1991 and 1994 and the relationship between this increase and changes in the lifestyle of the local population.ConclusionA number of factors played direct and indirect roles in contributing to the populace's cumulative radiation exposure. Future post-contamination studies need to consider these factors when estimating individual exposures.

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