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Influence of Thermomechanical Treatment and Ratio of β-Lactoglobulin and α-Lactalbumin on the Denaturation and Aggregation of Highly Concentrated Whey Protein Systems

Authors
  • Quevedo, Maria1
  • Kulozik, Ulrich
  • Karbstein, Heike P.1
  • Emin, M. Azad1
  • 1 (H.P.K.)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Foods
Publisher
MDPI AG
Publication Date
Aug 29, 2020
Volume
9
Issue
9
Identifiers
DOI: 10.3390/foods9091196
PMID: 32872486
PMCID: PMC7555948
Source
PubMed Central
Keywords
License
Green

Abstract

The influence of thermomechanical treatment (temperature 60 °C–100 °C and shear rate 0.06 s−1–50 s−1) and mixing ratio of β-lactoglobulin (βLG) and α-lactalbumin (αLA) (5:2 and 1:1) on the denaturation and aggregation of whey protein model systems with a protein concentration of 60% and 70% ( w/w ) was investigated. An aggregation onset temperature was determined at approx. 80 °C for both systems (5:2 and 1:1 mixing ratio) with a protein concentration of 70% at a shear rate of 0.06 s−1. Increasing the shear rate up to 50 s−1 led to a decrease in the aggregation onset temperature independent of the mixing ratio. By decreasing the protein concentration to 60% in unsheared systems, the aggregation onset temperature decreased compared to that at a protein concentration of 70%. Furthermore, two significantly different onset temperatures were determined when the shear rate was increased to 25 s−1 and 50 s−1, which might result from a shear-induced phase separation. Application of combined thermal and mechanical treatment resulted in overall higher degrees of denaturation independent of the mixing ratio and protein concentration. At the conditions applied, the aggregation of the βLG and αLA mixtures was mainly due to the formation of non-covalent bonds. Although the proportion of disulfide bond aggregation increased with treatment temperature and shear rate, it was higher at a mixing ratio of 5:2 compared to that at 1:1.

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