The effect of two weeks of tenotomy on posttetanic isometric contractile responses of the rat fast: Extensor digitorum longus and slow: soleus muscles was studied in experiments on isolated muscle preparations. Direct tetanic stimulation (100 impulses, 50 Hz) increased the force of contractions by 20-25% (p < 0.05) of both, control and tenotomized fast muscles. Identical to above tetanic stimulation of control, slow muscle resulted in posttetanic depression, a decrease in the amplitude of contractile responses. Tenotomized slow muscles did not develop posttetanic depression. Caffeine (4 mM) increased and dandrolene (10 microM) decreased the force of unitary and tetanic contractions of control and tenotomized muscles. Neither drug, however, affected development of posttetanic phenomena in ether fast or slow muscles. The fact that in extensor digitorum longus, posttetanic potentiation is preserved for at least forty days of tenotomy but disappears after only 2 weeks of denervation suggests important role of neurotrophic influences in regulation of posttetanic responses of fast muscles.