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Influence of selected meteorological variables on the questing activity of Ixodes ricinus ticks in Lower Silesia, SW Poland.

Authors
  • 1
  • 1 Department of Microbial Ecology and Environmental Protection, Institute of Genetics and Microbiology, University of Wrocław, Wrocław, Poland. [email protected] , (Poland)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of vector ecology : journal of the Society for Vector Ecology
1948-7134
Publication Date
Volume
39
Issue
1
Pages
138–145
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1111/j.1948-7134.2014.12080.x
PMID: 24820566
Source
Medline
Keywords
License
Unknown

Abstract

The relationship between climate data and tick questing activity is crucial for estimation of the spatial and temporal distribution of the risk of ticks and tick-borne diseases. This study establishes correlations between selected meteorological variables provided by the Weather Research and Forecasting model (WRF) and the questing activity of Ixodes ricinus nymphs and adults on a regional scale across Lower Silesia, Poland. Application of Generalized Linear Mixed Models (GLMM), built separately for adults and nymphs, showed that solar radiation, air temperature, and saturation deficit appeared to be the meteorological variables of prime importance, whereas the wind speed was less important. However, the effect of meteorological parameters was different for adults and nymphs. The adults are also more influenced by forest cover and the percentage of forest type if compared to nymphs. The WRF model providing meteorological variables separately for each location and day of tick sampling can be useful in studies of questing activity of ticks on a regional scale.

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