The effects of NaCl and ABA on the respiration of N2-fixing nodules were analysed in common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) inoculated with Rhizobium tropici the reference strain CIAT899. Shoot and nodule growth was more inhibited by NaCl than root growth. The O2 uptake by nodulated roots at 21 kPa O2 was significantly inhibited by salinity. Raising pO2 stimulated nodule respiration more under NaCl treatment than for the control, although it did not compensate totally for the inhibitory effect of NaCl. Short NaCl application was less destructive than long term application. Also, the external application of ABA inhibited nodule respiration, and this inhibition was partly compensated by raising pO2.