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Influence of the reference scan and scan time on the arterial phase of liver magnetic resonance imaging

  • Tsuji, Yoshinori1, 2
  • Saitoh, Satoshi3, 4, 2
  • Takahashi, Junji1, 2
  • Abe, Chisato1, 2
  • Hayashi, Tatsuya5
  • Kobayashi, Masahiro3, 2
  • 1 Toranomon Hospital, Department of Radiological Technology, 2-2-2 Toranomon, Minato-ku, Tokyo, 105-8470, Japan , Tokyo (Japan)
  • 2 Okinaka Memorial Institute for Medical Research, Tokyo, Japan , Tokyo (Japan)
  • 3 Toranomon Hospital, Department of Hepatology, Tokyo, Japan , Tokyo (Japan)
  • 4 Toranomon Hospital, Department of Radiology, Tokyo, Japan , Tokyo (Japan)
  • 5 Teikyo University, Department of Medical Radiology, Faculty of Medical Technology, Tokyo, 105-8470, Japan , Tokyo (Japan)
Published Article
Radiological Physics and Technology
Springer Singapore
Publication Date
Jan 03, 2018
DOI: 10.1007/s12194-017-0441-2
Springer Nature


The controlled aliasing in parallel imaging results in higher acceleration (CAIPIRINHA) technique can decrease scan time. The purpose of this study was to determine whether an arterial phase scan can be performed in 5 s using the CAIPIRINHA short-scan and a reference scanning technique. The generalized autocalibrating partially parallel acquisition (GRAPPA), the CAIPIRINHA routine (CAIPI-routine), and the CAIPIRINHA short-scanning (CAIPI-short) methods were compared. The scan time for each method was preset to 20 s, 15 s, and 10 s, respectively. The reference scan had a scan time of 5 s. A phantom study was used to compare the influence of artifacts during the reference scan. For comparison, the phantom was moved during the last 5 s. In the clinical studies of suspected chronic liver diseases, magnetic resonance imaging of the liver is usually performed while the patient is breath-hold. The motion artifacts of each method were compared. Artifacts were reduced in reference scans using the CAIPIRINHA method. At 5 s after initiation, the rate of change in the standard deviation value was within 30% compared to that of the original image. Motion artifacts due to the influence of the reference scan when a patient failed to hold their breath did not complicate image evaluation. The proportion of motion artifacts for each sequence was as follows: GRAPPA, 5.8%; CAIPI-routine, 1.9%; and CAIPI-short, 0.7%. The arterial phase can be scanned in 5 s using the CAIPI-short and reference scan techniques.

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