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Influence of the properties of 7 micro-grain activated carbons on organic micropollutants removal from wastewater effluent

Authors
  • GUILLOSSOU, Ronan
  • LE ROUX, Julien
  • MAILLER, Romain
  • MORLAY, Catherine
  • VULLIET, Emmanuelle
  • NAULEAU, Fabrice
  • ROCHER, Vincent
  • GASPERI, Johnny
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2020
Source
Portail Documentaire MADIS
Keywords
License
Unknown
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Abstract

Most studies dedicated to organic micropollutants (OMPs) removal from wastewater effluents by adsorption onto activated carbon (AC) only consider a few conventional AC properties. The link between OMPs removal and these properties is often missing, which limits the understanding of the adsorption process and the interpretation of the results. The chemical, physical and textural properties of seven newly commercialized micro-grain activated carbons (?GACs) were determined to assess their influence on the removal of 28 OMPs. Conventional batch tests with wastewater effluent showed that a high percentage of microporous volume (>65%) was detrimental for the removal of 10 OMPs, probably due to a higher blockage of micropores by dissolved organic matter (DOM). The removal of 5 OMPs was correlated with ?GACs surface chemistry properties (i.e. charge) which were potentially modified by DOM adsorption or inorganic species, thus favoring the adsorption of positively-charged compounds. A combination of OMPs properties including their charge, hydrophobicity and minimal projection area could explain their removal. Correlations were found between the removal of several OMPs and UV254, suggesting that DOM and OMPs interacted with each other or followed similar adsorption mechanisms. A decrease in ?GACs particle size had a positive impact on UV254 removal under continuous-flow conditions in columns representative of a large-scale pilot due to better expansion.

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