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[The influence of intracardiac asynchronism on the clinical course of chronic cardiac insufficiency].

Authors
  • Adrashev, A V
  • Adrashev, V N
  • Iakob, O V
Type
Published Article
Journal
Klinicheskaia meditsina
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2007
Volume
85
Issue
10
Pages
31–34
Identifiers
PMID: 18154176
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Intracardiac asynchronism presents systolic and/or diastolic dyscoordination in different myocardial areas within one and/or between different cardiac chambers. QRS complex widening is the marker of electric asynchronism. In 1/3 of patients with chronic cardiac insufficiency (CCI), the width of QRS complex is more than 120 msec. sixty-five CCI patients (56 men aged 63.7 +/- 7.3 years and 9 women aged 66.8 +/- 8.2 years) were divided into two groups: the group with a wide QRS (more than 120 msec) and the group with a narrow QRS (less than 120 msec), 30 and 35 patients, respectively. In the group with a wide QRS, 96.6% of patients suffered from clinically significant CCI (functional class III to IV); in the other group it was observed in 65.7% of patients. The patients were observed during three years. CCI dynamics was evaluated, quality of life was assessed using the Russian version of SF questionnaire, and three-year survival rate was assessed by Kaplan-Meyer method. The presence of electric asynchronism in a form of a wide QRS complex promotes CCI progression, accompanied by CCI functional class deterioration as well as clinical worsening and decreased physical exercise tolerance according to 6-min walking test. The frequency of seeking medical aid was significantly higher among patients with a wide QRS complex.

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