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Influence of hepatic impairment on lenvatinib pharmacokinetics following single-dose oral administration.

Authors
  • Shumaker, Robert1
  • Aluri, Jagadeesh1
  • Fan, Jean1
  • Martinez, Gresel1
  • Pentikis, Helen2
  • Ren, Min1
  • 1 Eisai Inc., Woodcliff Lake, NJ, USA.
  • 2 SAJE Consulting LLC, Baltimore, MD, USA.
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of clinical pharmacology
Publication Date
Mar 01, 2015
Volume
55
Issue
3
Pages
317–327
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1002/jcph.398
PMID: 25204557
Source
Medline
Keywords
License
Unknown

Abstract

This open-label, single-dose study assessed lenvatinib pharmacokinetics (PK) in subjects with normal hepatic function (n = 8) and mild, moderate, or severe hepatic impairment (n = 6 each). Subjects received 10 mg oral lenvatinib, except those with severe hepatic impairment (5 mg). Plasma and urine samples were collected over 14 days; free and total lenvatinib and its metabolites were analyzed using validated chromatography/spectrometry. PK parameters were estimated using noncompartmental analysis. There were no clinically meaningful effects of mild or moderate hepatic impairment on lenvatinib PK. Dose-normalized Cmax for free lenvatinib was 7.0, 3.7, 5.7, and 5.6 ng/mL in subjects with normal hepatic function, mild, moderate, and severe hepatic impairment, respectively. There was no consistent trend, although dose-normalized Cmax was lower for all subjects with hepatic impairment. AUCs increased 170% and t1/2 increased (37 versus 23 hours) in subjects with severe hepatic impairment. Changes in exposure based on total plasma concentrations were generally less than those based on free concentrations, suggesting changes in plasma protein binding in subjects with severe hepatic impairment. Lenvatinib was generally well tolerated. Subjects with severe hepatic impairment should begin lenvatinib treatment at a reduced dose of 14 mg versus 24 mg for subjects with normal liver function and subjects with mild or moderate hepatic impairment.

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