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Influence of hematocrit and platelet count on impedance and reactivity of whole blood for electrical aggregometry.

  • Müller, M R
  • Salat, A
  • Pulaki, S
  • Stangl, P
  • Ergun, E
  • Schreiner, W
  • Losert, U
  • Wolner, E
Published Article
Journal of pharmacological and toxicological methods
Publication Date
Sep 01, 1995
PMID: 7496042


Previous studies have shown that differing qualities of blood specimen seem to influence whole blood electrical aggregometry (WBEA), making it difficult to standardize the method. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of hematocrit (HCT) and platelet count (PLC) on in vitro platelet aggregation in citrated whole blood (CWB) in order to compensate for their possible effects on impedance aggregometry. Red blood cells and blood platelets were isolated from fresh citrated whole blood taken from 15 healthy donors (mean age = 26 years) and recombined to 20 physiologically relevant combinations of hematocrit and platelet count (HCT: 20-50, PLC: 100-500). Platelet aggregability was measured using WBEA with three different triggers. A special-purpose software package was used in this study, ensuring proper calibration, acquisition, and evaluation of analogue to digital converted data, allowing the calculation of a set of characteristic parameters of each impedance curve. Most of the linear regressions showed that all parameters significantly depend on HCT and PLC. Furthermore, we found interactions of both variables, making it impossible to focus on the effects of one of the investigated variables only. The outcome of this study is a set of dependences, allowing the calculation of regressions for in vitro aggregation in whole blood, enabling a comparison of blood of any quality with each other, regardless of the variables HCT and PLC. Together with the previously defined dependence of sample age on WBEA data, this step should help to make this technique a more reliable and practicable clinical tool, making it suitable for daily routine investigations.

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