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Influence of the coating thickness and type of oral delivery system (tablets, pellets) on the stability towards degradation by neutron irradiation. Validation of neutron activation III.

Authors
  • Waaler, T
  • Sande, S A
  • Müller, B W
  • Schüller Lisether, G
Type
Published Article
Journal
European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Mar 01, 1999
Volume
7
Issue
4
Pages
295–303
Identifiers
PMID: 9971912
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Enteric coated dexchlorpheniramine maleate (DCPA) tablets and pellets with varying coating thickness were subjected to several in vitro tests after irradiation by thermal neutrons in a flux of 1. 1 x 10(13) n cm-2 s-1 for 2, 4 or 15 min. The appearance of the tablet formulation changed extensively after exposure of the tablets to pile radiation. The irradiation caused the film to loosen from the surface of the core, indicating the generation of gases during the irradiation process. Already after irradiating the tablets for 2 min the disintegration and dissolution behaviour were significantly changed. The extent of tablet damage increased with increasing time of exposure and increasing thickness of the coating. Compared with the tablet formulation, the cores could resist a larger amount of irradiation since dissolution behaviour of the cores was only affected after 15 min of irradiation. This indicates that the irradiation procedure initially affects the coating of the formulation. Although the dissolution behaviour of the pellet formulations changed significantly after the irradiation procedure, the changes were too small to be attributed exclusively to radiation damage.

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