Human skin fibroblasts, grown to confluency in the presence of 32P for random labelling of the phospholipids, showed upon 24 h incubation in the presence of either 8 mM L-serine or 4 mM ethanolamine an increased content of phosphatidylserine (150% of control cells) or phosphatidylethanolamine (116% of control cells), respectively. Concomitantly the phosphatidylcholine correspondingly decreased. Upon cell harvesting and gentle enzyme preparation the base-treated cells demonstrated a significantly higher unstimulated, fluoride- and thyrotropin-stimulated activity of adenylate cyclase. The activities of total ATPase, ouabain-sensitive ATPase, 5'-nucleotidase and gamma-glutamyltransferase remained unaltered. When subjecting enzyme preparations from fibroblasts to ultrasonication the activity of adenylate cyclase decreased progressively with energy applied, whereas the activities of the other enzymes were unaltered ((K+ + Na+)-ATPase, 5'-nucleotidase) or even increased (Mg2+-ATPase, gamma-glutamyltransferase). The results have a bearing upon the regulatory function of the phospholipid microenvironment of membrane-bound enzymes.