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Influence of calcium concentration on the re-assembly of sodium caseinate into casein micelles and on their renneting behavior

  • Wang, Teng;
  • Li, Yadong; 146438;
  • De Witte, Fien;
  • Rebry, Ferre;
  • Li, Hao;
  • Vermeir, Pieter;
  • Dewettinck, Koen;
  • Meeren, Paul Van der;
Publication Date
Mar 01, 2024
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Inducing the spontaneous aggregation from casein molecules (i.e. αs1, αs2, β, and κ-casein) into re-assembled casein micelles (RCMs) through the addition of salts as an alternative to native casein micelles, has garnered increasing attention in recent years. In this investigation, re-assembled casein micelles were generated by adding varying amounts of calcium, phosphate, and citrate ions to a sodium caseinate dispersion. The formed micelles were further characterized in terms of particle size, optical density, and partitioning of calcium ions and caseins. Besides, their small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) profiles and renneting properties were evaluated. The observations revealed that the particle size and optical density of RCMs increased with the continuous addition of salts, while the micellar yield improved and could exceed 85 %. Moreover, the quantity of individual casein molecules that contributed to the creation of micelles was in concordance with their level of phosphorylation (i.e. αs2-casein > αs1-casein > β-casein > κ-casein). Mineral analysis results and SAXS scattering profiles confirmed that the added calcium ions acted as cross-linkers and participated in the construction of calcium phosphate nanoclusters. The renneting ability of RCMs was primarily dependent upon the colloidal calcium content per gram of micellar casein. / status: published

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