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The Mitochondrial Genomes of Neuropteridan Insects and Implications for the Phylogeny of Neuroptera.

Authors
  • Song, Nan1
  • Li, Xin-Xin2
  • Zhai, Qing3
  • Bozdoğan, Hakan4
  • Yin, Xin-Ming5
  • 1 College of Plant Protection, Henan Agricultural University, Zhengzhou 450002, China. [email protected] , (China)
  • 2 College of Plant Protection, Henan Agricultural University, Zhengzhou 450002, China. [email protected] , (China)
  • 3 College of Plant Protection, Henan Agricultural University, Zhengzhou 450002, China. [email protected] , (China)
  • 4 Department of Plant and Animal Production, Kirsehir Vocational School of Technical Sciences, Ahi Evran University, 40100 Kirsehir, Turkey. [email protected] , (Turkey)
  • 5 College of Plant Protection, Henan Agricultural University, Zhengzhou 450002, China. [email protected] , (China)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Genes
Publisher
MDPI AG
Publication Date
Feb 01, 2019
Volume
10
Issue
2
Identifiers
DOI: 10.3390/genes10020108
PMID: 30717195
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

The higher-level phylogeny of Neuroptera is explored here based on the newly determined mitochondrial genomic data, with a special focus on the interfamilial relationships of this group. Despite considerable progress in our understanding of neuropteran relationships, several mutually exclusive hypotheses have come out according to morphology-based analyses and molecular sequence data. The evaluation of these hypotheses is hampered by the limited taxonomic coverage of previous studies. In this paper, we sequenced four mitochondrial genomes to improve the taxonomic sampling for families: Myrmeleontidae, Ascalaphidae and outgroup Corydalidae. Phylogenetic analyses were run using various inference methods to (1) confirm that Coniopterygidae is sister to all other Neuroptera; (2) place Hemerobiidae as sister to Chrysopidae; (3) support the monophyly of Myrmeleontiformia and define its interfamilial relationships; and (4) recover Myrmeleontidae as paraphyletic due to the nested Ascalaphidae.

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