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Influence of aging on the mechanical behavior of leg extensor muscles.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
European journal of applied physiology and occupational physiology
Publication Date
Volume
45
Issue
2-3
Pages
209–219
Identifiers
PMID: 7193130
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Age dependence of the mechanical behavior of leg extensor muscle was investigated using vertical jumps with and without a stretch-shortening cycle on the force-platform. A total 226 subjects (113 females and 113 males) ranging in age from 4--73 years were examined. The results indicated in general that performance in males was better than that in females. This difference was reduced when body weight was taken into consideration. The peak performance of the various parameters, such as average force, height of rise of center of gravity, net impulse, and also the average power output, was reached in both sexes between the ages of 20 and 30 years. For example, the average vertical force in squatting had the following mean values in the various age groups of the male subjects: 114N (4--6 years), 402N (13--17), 618N (18--28), 508N (29--40), 435N (41--49), 320N (54--65), 315N (71--73 years). When the jumps were performed using the stretch-shortening cycle, the potential of the mechanical performance after prestretching was also sensitive to aging in a similar manner. The results suggest that it is not only the performance of pure concentric contraction that is influenced by the maturation and aging processes but, the that elastic behavior of muscle and reflex potentiation are also affected by the same processes.

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