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Influência das células dendríticas das placas de peyer na modulação das repostas Th1/Th2 em camundongos infectados com Yersinia pseudotuberculosis

Authors
  • Ramos, Orivaldo Pereira
Publication Date
Jan 20, 2009
Source
Repositório Institucional UNESP
Keywords
Language
Portuguese
License
Unknown
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Abstract

Yersinia pseudotuberculosis and Y. enterocolitica are pathogens that cause gastrointestinal disorders. Studies using in vitro infection demonstrated that Y. enterocolitica can have as a target dendritic cells (DCs), affecting several of its functions, including their maturation and production of cytokines, and, consequently, contributing to the diminished activation of the T CD4+ cells. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of dendritic cell from Peyer’s patches (PP) in determining of immune response pattern, Th1 and Th2, during infection by the intragastric route in susceptible (BALB/c) and resistant (C57BL/6) mice with a virulent sample of Yersinia pseudotuberculosis (YpIII pIB1 – Yp+) or its isogenic pair, cured of the virulence plasmid (YpIII – Yp-). The PP DCs were obtained on the 1st, 3rd and 5th days postinfection, quantified and analyzed as far as their subpopulations, expressions of surface molecules and immunostimulatory capacity by flow cytometry, and the cytokines secretion (IL-4, IL-10, IL-12 and TNF-α) by ELISA. The PP lymphocytes were also obtained in the same period, and had their subpopulations and the pattern of intracellular Th1/Th2 cytokines (IL-2, IL-4, IL-10 and IFN-γ) analysed by flow cytometry. The infection by Yp+ reduced the number of DCs on the 1st day post-infection and increased, in the initial period, the expression of B7.1 and B7.2 in BALB/c. In C57BL/6 mice reduced the number of DCs throughout the study period, increased the expression of B7.1 and B7.2 in the initial period and the expression of ICAM-1. The infection by both samples reduced CD8α+ subpopulation and expression of MHC II in both animals, increased CD11b+ sub-population in susceptible animals and reduced the same sub-population in resistant animals. The studied animals did not present important differences as far as secretion of cytokines by the DCs of PP and both... (Complete abstract click electronic access below)

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