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Inflammatory Responses of Porcine MoDC and Intestinal Epithelial Cells in a Direct-Contact Co-culture System Following a Bacterial Challenge.

Authors
  • Loss, Henriette1
  • Aschenbach, Jörg R1
  • Ebner, Friederike2
  • Tedin, Karsten3
  • Lodemann, Ulrike4
  • 1 Institute of Veterinary Physiology, Department of Veterinary Medicine, Freie Universität Berlin, Oertzenweg 19b, 14163, Berlin, Germany. , (Germany)
  • 2 Institute of Immunology, Department of Veterinary Medicine, Freie Universität Berlin, Robert-von-Ostertag-Str. 7-13, 14163, Berlin, Germany. , (Germany)
  • 3 Institute of Microbiology and Epizootics, Department of Veterinary Medicine, Freie Universität Berlin, Robert-von-Ostertag-Str. 7-13, 14163, Berlin, Germany. , (Germany)
  • 4 Institute of Veterinary Physiology, Department of Veterinary Medicine, Freie Universität Berlin, Oertzenweg 19b, 14163, Berlin, Germany. [email protected] , (Germany)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Inflammation
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Publication Date
Dec 06, 2019
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s10753-019-01137-4
PMID: 31811548
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Intestinal epithelial cells (IEC) and immune cells, such as dendritic cells (DC), jointly control the immune response towards luminal pathogens in the intestinal mucosa. Crosstalk between IEC and DC is crucial for coordinating immune responses and occurs via soluble factors and direct cell-cell contacts. The present study aimed at establishing a direct-contact co-culture model of porcine IEC and DC to mimic these interactions. The effects of (1) co-cultivation of the two cell types and (2) bacterial infection on the inflammatory response patterns of each of the cell types were determined with a special focus on the canonical and non-canonical inflammasome signaling pathways. In infection experiments, in vitro cultures were exposed to either the probiotic Enterococcus (E.) faecium NCIMB 10415 or enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC). In porcine IEC (IPEC-J2), co-cultivation with porcine monocyte-derived DC (MoDC) resulted in reduced basal NLRP3 (nucleotide oligomerization domain [NOD]-like receptor [NLR] family, pyrin domain containing 3) inflammasome mRNA levels in unstimulated conditions. In porcine MoDC, the presence of IPEC-J2 cells evoked a noticeable decrease of interleukin (IL)-8 and transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) mRNA and protein expression. ETEC, in contrast to E. faecium, modulated the inflammasome pathway in IPEC-J2 cells and porcine MoDC. Co-cultured IPEC-J2 cells showed an augmented inflammasome response to ETEC infection. By contrast, MoDC revealed a weakened ETEC response under such co-culture conditions as indicated by a reduction of inflammasome-related IL-1β protein release. Our data indicate that the close contact between IEC and resident immune cells has a major effect on their immunological behavior.

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