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Inflammatory Bowel Disease Environmental Risk Factors: Diet and Gut Microbiota

Authors
  • Altajar, Sarah1
  • Moss, Alan2
  • 1 Boston University School of Medicine, 72 East Concord St, Evans 124, Boston, MA, 02118, USA , Boston (United States)
  • 2 Boston Medical Center, 85 East Concord Street, Suite 7700A, Boston, MA, 02118, USA , Boston (United States)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Current Gastroenterology Reports
Publisher
Springer US
Publication Date
Oct 12, 2020
Volume
22
Issue
12
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s11894-020-00794-y
Source
Springer Nature
Keywords
License
Yellow

Abstract

Purpose of reviewThis review specifically explores the affect that diet has on the gut microbiota and its role on the increasing incidence of IBD around the world in developing countries.Recent findingsThis is a The emergence of IBD is consistently observed as a society becomes developed and westernized implicating the critical role that environmental factors play. Environmental factors that could play a significant role in the pathogenesis of IBD include westernization of diet and improved hygiene statust.SummaryWesternization of diet is associated with changes in the gastrointestinal microbiota, which could affect the development of the immune system and thus influence the risk of disease occurrence. There remains an important need for extensive and rigorous studies focused on the role of environmental exposures on IBD management. Specifically, if environmental factors can be modified to decrease the possibility of relapse or improve patient quality of life.

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