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Infinite-dimensional Hamiltonian description of a class of dissipative mechanical systems

  • Luo, Tianshu
  • Guo, Yimu
Publication Date
Mar 06, 2011
Submission Date
Jun 16, 2009
arXiv ID: 0906.3062
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In this paper an approach is proposed to represent a class of dissipative mechanical systems by corresponding infinite-dimensional Hamiltonian systems. This approach is based upon the following structure: for any non-conservative classical mechanical system and arbitrary initial conditions, there exists a conservative system; both systems share one and only one common phase curve; and, the value of the Hamiltonian of the conservative system is, up to an additive constant, equal to the total energy of the non-conservative system on the aforementioned phase curve, the constant depending on the initial conditions. We describe in detail this relationship calling the conservative system ``substitute`` conservative system. By considering the dissipative mechanical system as a special fluid in a domain $D$ of the phase space, viz. a collection of particles in this domain, we are prompted to develop this system as an infinite-dimensional Hamiltonian system of an ideal fluid. By comparing the description of the ideal fluid in Lagrangian coordinates, we can consider the Hamiltonian and the Lagrangian as the respective integrals of the Hamiltonian and the Lagrangian of the substitute conservative system over the initial value space and define a new Poisson bracket to express the equations of motion in Hamiltonian form. The advantage of the approach is that the value of the canonical momentum density $\pi$ is identical with that of the mechanical momentum $m\dot{q}$ and the value of canonical coordinate $q$ is identical with that of the coordinate of the dissipative mechanical system. Therefore we need not to decouple the Newtonian equations of motion into several one-dimensional ordinary differential equations.

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