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Infection rate in closed fractures after internal fixations in a municipal hospital in Ghana.

Authors
  • Saris, C G J
  • Bastianen, C A
  • Mvan Swieten, E C A
  • Wegdam, H H J
Type
Published Article
Journal
Tropical doctor
Publication Date
Oct 01, 2006
Volume
36
Issue
4
Pages
233–235
Identifiers
PMID: 17034703
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

This prospective study conducted in the Holy Family Municipal Hospital in Techiman, Ghana aimed to determine the incidence of wound infection following internal fixation of closed fractures in a municipal hospital in a developing country. Between May 2000 and February 2005, 194 patients were treated for closed fractures, implanting a total of 215 internal fixations. Patients were reviewed 10, 30 and 120 days after operation. In 141 (73%) patients, a follow-up of four months was achieved. Of all patients, six developed an infection, two deep and four superficial. The cumulative incidence of wound infection after internal fixation was 3.3%. This study demonstrates that the incidence of wound infection following internal fixation is comparable with hospitals in a temperate climate in industrialized countries. We therefore conclude that specific tropical risk factors play a minimal role in the development of wound infection.

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