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Induction of systemic and mucosal immune responses in cotton rats immunized with human adenovirus type 5 recombinants expressing the full and truncated forms of bovine herpesvirus type 1 glycoprotein gD.

Authors
  • Mittal, S K
  • Papp, Z
  • Tikoo, S K
  • Baca-Estrada, M E
  • Yoo, D
  • Benko, M
  • Babiuk, L A
Type
Published Article
Journal
Virology
Publication Date
Aug 15, 1996
Volume
222
Issue
2
Pages
299–309
Identifiers
PMID: 8806514
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

We generated both replication-incompetent (HAd5-gD-E1 and HAd5-tgD-E1) and replication-competent (HAd5-gD-E3 and HAd5-tgD-E3) human adenovirus type 5 (HAd5) recombinants expressing the full (gD) or truncated form (tgD) of the glycoprotein gD gene of bovine herpevirus type 1 (BHV-1). Recombinant gD and tgD expressed by HAd5-gD-E1 and HAd5-gD-E3 and by HAd5-tgD-E1 and HAd5-tgD-E3, respectively, were recognized by gD-specific monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) directed against linear and conformational epitopes, suggesting that antigenicity of recombinant gD and tgD was similar to that of the native gD expressed in BHV-1 infected cells. In HAd5-gD-E1- or HAd5-gD-E3-inoculated cotton rats there was a strong gD- and HAd5-specific IgG and IgA antibody response. The immune response was significantly lower in animals similarly immunized with HAd5-tgD-E1 or HAd5-tgD-E3, indicating that live adenovirus vaccine vectors may be better suited to the full-length form of glycoprotein gD than its truncated form. After a BHV-1 challenge, no infectious BHV-1 virions were isolated from the trachea of cotton rats previously immunized with HAd5-gD-E1 or HAd5-gD-E3. These results suggest that adenovirus E1 insertion (replication-incompetent) and E3 insertion (replication-competent) vectors have excellent potential for use in developing live recombinant virus vaccines and provide evidence that the cotton rat model can be used in BHV-1 vaccination-challenge trials.

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