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Induction of memory in rat pancreatic islets by tolbutamide. Dependence on ambient glucose level, calcium, and phosphoinositide hydrolysis.

Authors
  • Zawalich, W S
  • Zawalich, K C
Type
Published Article
Journal
Diabetes
Publisher
American Diabetes Association
Publication Date
Jun 01, 1988
Volume
37
Issue
6
Pages
816–823
Identifiers
PMID: 2838355
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

The ability of the sulfonylurea tolbutamide to induce insulin output, increase phosphoinositide (PI) hydrolysis, and modulate the insulin response to other agonists was assessed. At 200 microM, tolbutamide increased both insulin release and the efflux of 3H from [3H]inositol-prelabeled islets only in the presence of 5.5 or 7 mM glucose. When the glucose level was maintained at 2.75 mM, tolbutamide (200 microM) had no positive impact on either parameter. The calcium-influx inhibitor nitrendipine (200 nM) blocked the effects of 200 microM tolbutamide (with 7 mM glucose) on 3H efflux and insulin output. Prior exposure of islets to tolbutamide (200 microM) in the presence of 7 mM glucose amplified their subsequent insulin response to 10 mM glucose and 5 mM glyceraldehyde. The effect of 200 microM tolbutamide (with 7 mM glucose) was blocked by nitrendipine. Furthermore, the effect of 200 microM tolbutamide was not observed with 2.75 mM glucose; however, if the level of tolbutamide was increased to 1 mM, both PI hydrolysis and potentiated release to subsequent stimulation with 10 mM glucose were observed. Tolbutamide (200 microM with 7 mM glucose) stimulation for 20 min resulted in an increase in 3H efflux from [3H]inositol-prelabeled islets. Despite the rapid fall in insulin secretion, elevated rates of 3H efflux persisted long after the removal of the sulfonylurea from the medium. The duration of the 3H-efflux response paralleled the duration of potentiation.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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