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Indoor radon/thoron levels and inhalation doses to some populations in Himachal Pradesh, India.

Authors
  • Virk, H S
  • Sharma, Navjeet
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of environmental monitoring : JEM
Publication Date
Feb 01, 2002
Volume
4
Issue
1
Pages
162–165
Identifiers
PMID: 11871700
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

It is well established that some areas of Himachal Pradesh (H.P.) state of India situated in the environs of the Himalayan mountains are relatively rich in uranium-bearing minerals. Some earlier studies by our group have indicated high levels of radon (>200 Bq m(-3)) in the dwellings. It is in this context that an indoor radon/thoron survey has been carried out in selected villages of four districts in the state of H.P. This survey has been conducted as a part of a national, coordinated project using twin chamber dosemeter cups designed by the Environmental Assessment Division (EAD), Department of Atomic Energy, Govt. of India. The track-etch technique is used for calibration of plastic detector LR-115 type-II which are employed for recording alpha tracks due to radon/thoron and their daughters. Year long radon/thoron data have been collected for seasonal correlations of indoor radon/thoron in the dwellings. The indoor radon levels have been found to vary from a minimum value of 17.4 Bq m(-3) to a maximum value of 140.3 Bq m(-3). The indoor thoron levels vary from a minimum value of 5.2 Bq m(-3) to a maximum value of 131.9 Bq m(-3). The year average dose rate for the local population varies from 0.03 microSv h(-1) to 0.83 microSv h(-1). The annual exposure dose to inhabitants in all the dwellings lies below the upper limit of 10 mSv given in ICRP-65.

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