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Individual Differences in Attitude Consistency Over Time: The Personal Attitude Stability Scale.

Authors
  • Xu, Mengran1
  • Briñol, Pablo2
  • Gretton, Jeremy D3
  • Tormala, Zakary L4
  • Rucker, Derek D5
  • Petty, Richard E1
  • 1 The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA.
  • 2 Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Spain. , (Spain)
  • 3 BEworks, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. , (Canada)
  • 4 Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA.
  • 5 Northwestern University, Evanston, IL, USA.
Type
Published Article
Journal
Personality & social psychology bulletin
Publication Date
Oct 01, 2020
Volume
46
Issue
10
Pages
1507–1519
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1177/0146167220908995
PMID: 32146864
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

This research finds evidence for reliable individual differences in people's perceived attitude stability that predict the actual stability of their attitudes over time. Study 1 examines the reliability and factor structure of an 11-item Personal Attitude Stability Scale (PASS). Study 2 establishes test-retest reliability for the PASS over a 5-week period. Studies 3a and 3b demonstrate the convergent and discriminant validity of the PASS in relation to relevant existing individual differences. Studies 4 and 5 show that the PASS predicts attitude stability following a delay period across several distinct topics. Across multiple attitude objects, for people with high (vs. low) scores on the PASS, Time 1 attitudes were more predictive of their Time 2 attitudes, indicative of greater attitudinal consistency over time. The final study also demonstrates that the PASS predicts attitude stability above and beyond other related scales.

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